Border military fortification from 1938
Impaired by the imminence of German
danger put in appearance mid 1940s, there has been decided to initiate
a construction of fortress line all over the border ridge of the
Orlické Mountains. This line should have been a part of the state
boundary fortification scheme protecting the most endangered sector
from Bohumín to Krkonoše Mountains. The edifice has begun in 1936
and must have been surrendered in September 1938 after the Munich
Fortification line slopes down from the fortress
Bouda in the Suchý vrch massif to
Mladkov, crossing the Tichá Orlice
valley to southern end of the Petrovičky village climbing again
to the Adam hill. There has been built fortress Adam which is
now due to its territorial and tactical position kept by the Czech
military forces so that not accessible to public. The line goes
then to the Zemská brána (Land
Gate) pass in Divoká Orlice valley
and next through Žamberk Woodlands to a flat saddle near Hanička
where a route from Rokytnice
to Bartošovice is passing by.
Another fortress (Hanička) has been built just here. From there
the fortification line continues upwards to Anna
Hill and further along the main ridge to Velká
Deštná. Between Velká and Malá Deštná owing to border closeness
the line leaves the main ridge continuing along the parallel lower
ridge over the Šerlišský creek, mounting up to Sedloňov
Hill to step down again to Polom village. At this point it concurs
with a Náchod area fortification system by the fortress Skutina
which locked an access from Germany to Olešnice
and Nové Město nad Metují.
Compare to others, the Orlické Mountains border
sector proceeded furthermost - nearly all steel bells (except the
Adam's) have been completed. The construction, however, required
substantial alteration to the nature, new access roads up to the
ridge were built known this very day as "bunkrovky"
(casematies). Some constructions you may meet along marked tourist
trails but mostly they are hidden in landscape out of beaten tracks.
A light forts line created by "LO-type 37"
blockhouses (so called "řopík") is practically
compact, with a few exceptions as Velká
Deštná for example, frequently settled in successive series.
Another few forts type 36 are to be seen, for example at
forts line created by autonomous infantry casemates have been finished
as building structures from Bouda to Komáří
Hill finishing there with an artillery observatory R-S-91. The
section between Komáří Hill and Polom should have been built by
1939. On Polom the line starts with an infantry casemate N-S-43
and continues over fortress Skutina towards Dobrošov.
While sectors Králíky and Rokytnice have been practically finished,
Náchod sector could have been just started so that not all structures
succeeded to get concreted until September 1938.
Orlické Mountains and immediate environs there are several fortification
museums open to public. Probably the most popular are three
artillery forts: Nearly authentic disposition retains Bouda
fortress near Suchý vrch, Hanička fortress rebuilt in fallout
shelter during 1970-1990s, unfinished fortress Skutina near
Sedloňov, and well-known fortress Dobrošov near Náchod. Infantry
casemate Březinka near Dobrošov and a light fort type
37 near Sněžné village are also open to public.
- muzeums open to public
(in English too)